Since the dawn of recorded history, cancers have been present among mankind. Ancient Sumerian cuneiform texts describe various methods of dealing with this disease. Unfortunately to this day, there are no known effective treatments for cancer. Current treatments target not only the tumor growth but also healthy cells, thus causing a plethora of unwanted adverse effects, negatively affecting one’s immunity and most organs. The most recent development, commonly known to us as Targeted Therapy, is the current way that many prefer to fight cancer. This mode of treatment can significantly extend and improve the quality of life of cancer patients, as well as restore their normal mobility, remove pain, restore appetite, and in some cases completely remove the tumor and metastases. Targeted therapy is the use of modern drugs that act on the tumor and have no effect on healthy tissue. These drugs have minimal toxic effects on the body of the patient, they may cause nausea, vomiting, or hair loss. Sometimes two- three courses of drugs are sufficient for disease remission. The combination of targeted drugs with less toxic drugs – i.e. traditional chemotherapy and ancillary drugs can dramatically increase the effectiveness of treatment. The most recent advances in oncology combined therapy have allowed scientists to create an effective treatment of cancer patients and significantly increase the effectiveness of therapy.